Health & Fitness

Top 3 Common and Fatal Disease in Life

Today I will tell u all about a very serious problem but it is common. Some disease which is very common worldwide and life-threatening. Here are some of Common and Fatal Disease which I want to tell you.

  1. Chicken pox
  2. Malaria
  3. Diabetes

First of all, I will describe all these diseases these are fatal to life and are spreading in the whole world. Although human health organizations are trying their best to relieve mankind from such diseases still these are very common and spread. So coming to my point I want to explain some hazards of these dangerous diseases.

Common and Fatal Disease

Chicken pox

It is a disease which is very hazardous affecting children and adults. It’s another name is varicella. It is caused by a virus named varicellazoaster virus. This has appeared on human body like red blisters which are very itching. These are blisters are filled with watery fluid which is very contagious. This disease commonly affects children. Although it is very rare and it is considered that this disease happens once in the life of every man. These are saying of our ancestors. My belief is these are superstitions. However, in this age of modern era, many vaccines have been originated to prevent this disease. Researchers have shown that first vaccine for chicken pox was first introduced in the mid 1990s. Since after the discovery of these vaccinations cases of chicken pox victim have been declined.

Causes

It is caused by a virus named [vs.]. It can also be transferred from infected mother to the feotus. It can also be caused to make contact with the affected person. It remains contagious until all the blisters appear on the whole body. It can also be spread by saliva, coughing, sneezing etc.

Symptoms

Its symptoms include fever, headache and loss of. These symptoms show that the man becomes victim to the disease. Symptoms appear on the body before 2 days from the appearance of

Blisters on the body. The patient remains contagious for 2 days until the blisters appeared on the body.

Diagnosis

After the patient undergoes symptoms like a fever and severe headache and appearance of red blisters filled with a contagious liquid he contacts to the doctor. The doctor examines the patient and the disease is diagnosed after the lab test is confirmed that patient has become a victim of chicken pox. After this confirmation, the doctor starts the treatment.

Treatment

The doctor starts treatment of the patient by giving him medicines but its drawback is that medicine cannot cure this disease. But doctor gives medicines in order to soothe the severe affects of the disease. They give ointments to relieve the pain of those red blisters. They recommend patient a hot bath to relieve the pain. And to apply lotions which are less harmful. Doctors recommend wearing lightweight clothes to ease the patient.

Prevention

It can be prevented by taking vaccines. We should start the vaccination of our children between 4 to 6 years of age. Adults and older children should take catch up vaccines. And the best advice to prevent from disease is to take care of yourself and avoid to meet the affected person.

Malaria

Malaria

Malaria is a life-threatening disease. It is also present worldwide. Especially in tropical and subtropical areas. It is caused by a parasite named Plasmodium. In humans, it is caused by the bite of female Anopheles mosquito. When this mosquito bites a man the parasite is released into the blood of the man.

Causes

It is most common in tropical and subtropical areas. Most of the countries like Pakistan, India, USA, and Europe etc. become victim to this common but fatal disease. It is caused by the bite of female Anopheles mosquito. When it bites the man the parasite is released into the bloodstream of the man. Once the parasite enters in the body of a man they travel to the liver where they mature. After maturation of these parasites, they multiply in number and start to infect red blood cells. After 2 to 3 days the parasites in the liver multiply in number and divide causing the infected cells to burst. These parasites constantly infect red blood cells. The world health organization (WHO) has stated that about half of the world population become victim to this disease.

Kinds of Malaria

There are four kinds of malaria parasites. These parasites determine the kind of malaria. These are following.

  • Plasmodium Vivax
  • Plasmodium Falciparum
  • Plasmodium Malaria
  • Plasmodium Ovale

And the most dangerous type is P.Falciparum.

Symptoms

The symptoms of malaria develop within 10 days to four weeks. And the other symptoms of malaria include nausea, vomiting, anaemia, headache, abdominal pain, muscles pain etc.

 Diagnosis

When the symptoms of disease appear in the body of a man he consults to doctor .the doctor examine the patient and the malaria is confirmed by blood tests.

Treatment

As this is a life-threatening disease doctor prescribe medicine according to the type of malaria. It could be very fatal if it is Plasmodium falciparum. Because it is the most dangerous type of malaria. Sometimes it happens that medicines cannot cure the patient as parasites present in the liver of man become resistant to disease. However, doctors prescribe a patient a medicines course from which the patient recover from the disease.

Prevention

Although this is a fatal and life-threatening disease there is no vaccine made for this disease. However, the doctor prescribed medicines in order to avoid malaria. And the most important tip to prevent malaria is that when you visit tropical areas cover your whole body and apply mosquito repellent.

Diabetes

Diabetes

It is a most common disease in Pakistan about 95 percent of people become victim to this disease. It is very common but fatal disease. Diabetes is a condition when blood glucose level increases in the body. And the body does not consume insulin and does not make insulin.

Kinds of Diabetes

There are commonly two types of diabetes type 1 and type 2. Type 1 is commonly called as juvenile onset or insulin-dependent diabetes. While type 2 is called as adult onset or non-insulin dependent. In the patients with diabetes type 1 human body does not make insulin. While in case of type 2 body neither make nor use insulin.

Affects of Diabetes on Human Body

It is quite a dangerous disease. People which are diabetic become thin and weak because their body glucose level rises and their body cannot make or use insulin properly. This situation badly affects eyes, liver, kidney and it is also involved in heart problems. Pregnant ladies can also have diabetes and it is called as gestational diabetes. It is also a condition when human body glucose level rises from the normal level but it is not enough to have diabetes this condition is known as prediabetes. People with prediabetes are at a risk to have type 2 diabetes.

Diagnosis

It can be diagnosed by the urine test and with the help of blood test. And the person is considered to be diabetic whose blood glucose level is above the normal level. After lab test, the disease is confirmed.

Treatment

Doctors advise the patient to take medicines after examining which type of diabetes the patient is suffering from. Mostly doctors recommend to take insulin as the patient body is no longer making insulin or this hormone is absent in his body. Although there are different ways to transferred insulin to the patient body. For example, it can be injected into the body with the help of syringes. Today in this age of modern era insulin can be inhaled with the help of the inhaler. Insulin pumps are also available.

Prevention

This is a disease which cannot be removed completely from your body but it can be cured or controlled. It can be prevented by taking good care of your diet by regular exercise. Healthy food can make you healthy or you can be prevented from this disease.

Show More

Related Articles

Close